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Albert Einstein Biography | Quotes, Death & Facts

Albert Einstein Biography | Quotes, Death & Facts

Albert Einstein was a German-Mathematician and Physicist who developed the 'General Theory of relativity' and also developed Quantum mechanics. He is considered as the most impressive scientist of 20th century. For explaining Photoelectric effect, Einstein was honored by Nobel prize in physics, in 1921. His work has lead the general effect on development of atomic energy.

Albert Einstein Biography | Quotes, Death & Facts

Early life

Einstein was born on 14th March 1879, in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany, in a family of secular Ashkenazi Jews. His father (Hermann Einstein) was an engineer and salesman, his mother (Pauline Einstein) was a former coach. After six months of Einstein's birth, his family moved to Munich, where in 1880, his father founded a company 'Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie' along with his uncle Jakob. Einstein had one sister Maja (Maria), who was two years younger than Einstein.

At the age of 05, Einstein joined a catholic elementery school at Munich where he learned for three year. After this Einstein was transferred to elementery school, in Luitpold Gymnasium, for his secondary education. In young age Einstein was very inquisitive. In 1884, Einstein's father (Hermann) and Jakob's company lost a bid to supply the city of Munich with electrical lightning, because of this they loss sale of there company.

After this Einstein's family moved to 'Milan' and few months later to 'Pavia' in Italy. But Einstein stayed at Munich to complete his secondary education. At a age of 12, a medical student, 'Max Talmud' tough him. In last 1896's Einstein joined his family at Pavia, Italy. During a period in Italy he write a essay who's title was "On the Investigation of the State of the Ether in a Magnetic Field".

From young age Einstein was excellent in mathematics and physics. At the age of 12, he taught algebra and geometry to himself and also discovered his own proof of Pythagoras Theorem.

At the age of 16, in 1895, Einstein took the entrance examination of Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, in Zürich and gained a very high percentage in mathematics and physics. On the advice of his school's principal, in 1895 and 1896, Einstein joined the 'Argovian cantonal school' in Aarau, Switzerland, and completed his secondary education. After completing graduation, Einstein leave his German citizenship and accept his swiss citizenship.

Discoveries and inventions

(i). Einstein has strong impact on physics. He is famous for discovering theory of relativity and mass-energy equation which is known as Einstein's equation.

Einstein's equation E = mc2

In 1905, Einstein, on the basis of relationship between matter/energy proposed the equation E = mc2. It means the energy of a body (E), is equal to the product of mass (m), and the square of speed of light (c).

(ii). Theory of relativity

Einstein in 1905, in a paper on 'Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies', proposed theory of relativity. about November 1915, Einstein completed the general theory of relativity. His assertions were confirmed via measurements taken during a "solar eclipse" in 1919, by British astronomers Sir Frank Dyson and Sir Arthur Eddington.

(iii). Member of NAACP

Einstein became a member of NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), and SEEID the parallels between the treatment of African Americans in the United States and Jews in Germany.

Role in Reducing the usage rate of atomic bomb

Einstein became a major player in reduced rate of usage of Atomic Bomb, by studying about the bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, in 1945. Einstein in cooperation with Leo Szilard in 1945, founded the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists.

Citizenship

Einstein was German born, so he had German citizenship from 1879 to 1896. when he completed his graduation in Switzerland, he renounced his German citizenship and became a Swizz citizen from 1901. He remained in Berlin up to 1933. In 1940, because of some political reasons, he became a united states citizen. In April 1911, by accepting Austrian citizenship in Austro Hungarian Empire,

Einstein became a full professor at the German Charles-Ferdinand University, Prague.

Prizes for Einstein's works

Einstein received many awards in field of science. In 1921, Einstein won Nobel prize in physics for explaining Photoelectric effect. He was also honored by 'Barnard Medal' In 1920 by Columbia University. In 1921 he received 'Matteucci Medal' which is an Italian award.

He received 'Copley Medal' from Royal society in 1925. Copley Medal is given for fabulous achievements in research in any branch of science. He also received Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1926 and Max Planck Medal in 1929. He became a Member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1942. After death he was title as 'Time Person of the Century - 1999'.

Family

Einstein married a twice in his life. When Einstein was at a school of Zurich, Einstein met a Serbian physics student- ' Mileva Maric'. He grow closer to Maric, but Maric parents were against their relationship but after death of her father they married on 06 January, 1903.

In same year they blessed with a doughter Lieserl. They had two sons 'Hans Albert Einstein', who became a famous hydraulic engineer and 'Eduard Einstein'. Maric's  emotional breakdown, cause their divorced in 1919.

In same year on 02 June 1919, Einstein married with Elsa Löwenthal with whom he had affair during his first marriage. They stayed together upto löwenthal's death in 193.

Death

Einstein, at the age of 76, died on 18 April 1955, at University Medical Center, Princeton. Einstein was suffered by an abdominal aortic aneurysm. when he was hospitalized, he was suggested for surgery, but he refused by saying that "I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly."

Einstein's brain and IQ

The correct IQ of Einstein is not known. When Einstein died, pathologist 'Thomas Stoltz Harvey' removed his brain, during his autopsy, without his family's consent, For preservation and study by doctors of neuroscience.

Now, Einstein's brain is located at the Princeton University Medical Center. In accordance with his wishes, the rest of his body was cremated and the ashes scattered in a secret location.

A Canadian scientist "Sandra Freedman Witelson", studied Einstein's brain and found that, the area that processes spatial relationships, mathematical thoughts and 3D-visualization, of Einstein's brain is 15 percent wider than compared to people of normal intelligence.

Books on Einstein

There is a wide range of books based on Einstein's life and research. Einstein's own words are present in the collection "The World As I See It". A famous books on his life and researches, with the title "Einstein: His Life and Universe" is written by Walter, published in 2007 and "Albert Einstein; a Biography" by Jürgen Neffe. His famous book "Relativity: The Special and General Theory" was published in 1905.

"Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I'm not sure about the universe...”

~Albert Einstein

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